There are two types of student loan in the UK – one to cover your tuition fees and one for your living expenses. In all areas of the UK other than Scotland you will need a student loan to pay for tuition fees (unless you have a spare thirty grand lying about…no? Didn’t think so). You may also need a loan for your living expenses, depending on your family’s circumstances.
You will then need to pay these loans off when you graduate – with interest.
Isn’t debt bad though? Even student debt?
Bad debts tend to be the result of snap decisions. Bad debt means not feeling confident you can pay the money back. As loans go, a student loan is a pretty good loan to get because the interest is low , you’re using the money to contribute to your future (as opposed to a holiday) and you should eventually be able to pay it back.
Having said that, your student loan could clock in at £30,000. So it’s important to consider all your education options.
When do I have to pay back my student loans?
You only pay it back when you’re earning more than £21,000. If you don’t pay it back 30 years after you graduate, what’s left will get written off. For more information about this read our paying back your student loan article.
How is the student loan split up?
You can get two ‘kinds’ of student loan – one for your tuition fees, and one for you to actually live off. Your tuition fees are paid directly to the university so you never technically see that money. Whereas your loan to live off – known as a ‘maintenance loan’ goes directly into your own personal bank account.
How much will they loan for tuition fees?
You’re given enough to cover the cost of your course:
- In England and Wales universities can charge up to £9,000 a year
- In Northern Ireland they can charge up to £3,575 a year
- If you’re not from Scotland but want to go to a Scottish University they can charge you up to £9,000 a year.
If you decide to do your degree abroad your loan options are a bit more limited.
How much will they loan me to live off?
By living we mean buying late night kebabs and copious amounts of alcohol *cough* sorry, paying rent and bills.
How much maintenance loan you can get depends on a number of factors:
- How much your household income is, so how much your parents or your partner earns. The less they have, the more money you can borrow.
- If your university is in London you get more because it costs more to live there.
- If you’re living in your parent’s home you get less.
- If you’re spending a year abroad you can borrow more for that year.
You can also apply for a maintenance grant which you don’t have to pay back. These are also income dependent, and if your household income is over £50,000 you can’t get a grant at all.
To work out how much you’re entitled to you can fill in a Student finance calculator, there’s one for England, one for Wales and one for Northern Ireland. If you’re in Scotland there’s not a calculator but you can see all the information here.
You pay maintenance loans back the same way as your tuition fee loan.
How do I apply for a student loan?
Get ready for some lengthy form-filling fun; you’ll need information about your course, your university, your parent’s income and your National Insurance number.
Remember it can take six weeks for the student loans company to process a loan, so if you want the money at the start of the year, apply ASAP. The deadline is nine months after the academic year otherwise you won’t be getting a student loan at all.
What other help can I get?
Other grants, bursaries and loans are available for people in different situations:
- Most universities offer bursaries. They all have their own criteria and you apply directly to them, so go to your university website or talk to your student support service for information.
- You can also apply for the access to learning fund and National Scholarship Programme through your university.
- You may be eligible for income support
- If you have children you can apply for a childcare grant or the parents learning allowance
- People with a disability, health problem, or learning difficulties (like dyslexia) can get a Disabled Student’s Allowance.
Will all of these loans and grants cover everything?
A lot of students struggle with money. Especially if the Bank-of-Mum-and-Dad doesn’t have the money (or the inclination) to help you out. You’ll need to think about other ways of covering your living costs. Our articles on how much it costs to be a student and minimising your debt will get you started.
Updated on 29-Sep-2015